Qualities of place attachment influence the lives of individuals, their neighborhoods and cities. Our study examined place attachment at the neighborhood and city scales in Tel AvivJaffa. It is based on 22 interviews in five neighborhoods with diverse social backgrounds and an analysis of 4 Facebook neighborhood groups as a virtual space for expressions of place attachment. The study shows that despite globalization, the neighborhood and the city remain significant for people. Poorer neighborhoods are objects of emotional attachment that form place identity, whereas affluent neighborhoods are objects of functional attachment leading to place dependence (local trust). Unique local narratives can create, however, place dependence in disadvantaged neighborhoods and place identity in affluent ones. Concerns of exclusion and displacement can lead to a loss of local trust, not necessarily because of in-migration of edge-groups, but because of the "threat of the rich" that leads to an identity loss in both disadvantaged and affluent neighborhoods. At the city scale, the unanimous responses in all neighborhoods reflected a high level of attachment, linked to “the Tel Aviv ethos”. Conclusions of the Facebook analysis confirmed the findings that emerged from the personal interviews.
The democratic function of local authorities is often disregarded in the public discourse on local government and needed municipal reforms. This deficiency characterizes countries, including Israel, in which local government is not perceived as a cornerstone of national identity. Local democracy has three major functions: representation, consolidation of democratic values and pluralism. This book focuses on the democratic objective of local government in Israel. Its twenty-two chapters review key trends in local democracy and discuss its position in the public and political systems, in civil participation, management of civic life at the local level and local government elections. Four features of local democracy in Israel revealed in the chapters of the book are: distinction, centralization along with neglect, fragility and exploitation, and suspicion and protest. The challenges facing local democracy in Israel are manifested in several courses of action: from below – awakening of the local civil society; from within – adoption of new public management principles by elected politicians and bureaucrats in local government; from above – genuine decentralization of powers by the central state; and from outside – direct interaction with states and international movements, organizations and corporations.
Over the last sixty years the government of Israel has earmarked many resources for what it defined as "developing the Negev", projected to reduce the disparities between the center of Israel and its periphery. It appears that this goal was never achieved and disparities have widened rather than diminished. This failure requires a renewed examination of the rationale behind current policy plans.
This study analyzes the migration of Israeli-Palestinians from the north of Israel and the Triangle to Jerusalem and highlights possible transformations in their internal migration patterns and their integration into Israeli economy and society. Its main conjecture focuses on their status as a middle-man minority between Israeli private and public institutions and the East-Jerusalem population. This unique employment opportunity in the Jerusalem labor market is the city’s growing major attraction as a migration destination for the Israeli-Palestinian population.
This study provides a qualitative analysis of the strained relationship between the police and the Arab community in Israel and an attempt to better understand the reasons for the lack of effective policing in the Arab community. The paper aims to broaden the scope of analysis by removing the focus from the state as a unitary causal factor and by viewing the relationship between the Israeli state and the Arab society as mutually transformative, reciprocal and interconnected.
The Ministry of Health in Israel, as the sole body responsible for the equitable and efficient distribution of health services, is also the sole regulator over the health systems and the allocation of funds to them. This study examines whether the aspiration for equitable health services does indeed materialize. Using spatial analytical tools a comparison was made between the distribution of mammography and tomography (CT) institutions in various scenarios and the current existing distribution.
Its findings indicate that there is a disparity between the health policy and regulations and the current situation. These findings reinforce the need for and significance of clarifying the policy, and strengthening the ties between the various operating systems.