Society Space and Governance

Beer Sheva: Economic Development and Political Culture
Yitzhak Dahan. 2011. Beer Sheva: Economic Development and Political Culture. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

Over the last sixty years the government of Israel has earmarked many resources for what it defined as "developing the Negev", projected to reduce the disparities between the center of Israel and its periphery.  It appears that this goal was never achieved and disparities have widened rather than diminished. This failure requires a renewed examination of the rationale behind current policy plans.

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Municipal Amalgamations and their Fiscal Impacts: Evidence from the 2003 Amalgamation Reform
PDF icon reingewertz_municipal_amalgamations.pdf
Spatial Allocation Policy of Medical Resources
Chen Greenberg. 2011. Spatial Allocation Policy of Medical Resources. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

The Ministry of Health in Israel, as the sole body responsible for the equitable and efficient distribution of health services, is also the sole regulator over the health systems and the allocation of funds to them. This study examines whether the aspiration for equitable health services does indeed materialize. Using spatial analytical tools a comparison was made between the distribution of mammography and tomography (CT) institutions in various scenarios and the current existing distribution.

Its findings indicate that there is a disparity between the health policy and regulations and the current situation. These findings reinforce the need for and significance of clarifying the policy, and strengthening the ties between the various operating systems.

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Science, Policy and Uncertainty: The Role of Scientists in Shaping Environmental Policy in Israel
Tsafrir Gidron and Itai Fischhendler. 2010. Science, Policy and Uncertainty: The Role of Scientists in Shaping Environmental Policy in Israel. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

This study attempts to characterize the impact of scientists on shaping environmental policy in Israel and when, and in what way does the use of scientific rationale lead to maximizing the successful promotion of a desired policy? This is a particularly significant question in Israel, where the issue has not as yet gained wide public acknowledgement.

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Urban Creativity: Effective Management and Democratic Openness
Perla Aizencang-Kane. 2010. Urban Creativity: Effective Management and Democratic Openness. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

Urban creativity is currently the focus of theoretical and practical research and can contribute to the understanding of local government modus operandi and in particular to its effective management. The study focuses on Shoham and Holon, both defined by the Ministry of the Interior as successful municipalities. It examines the creativity of the municipality distinguishing between effective management, which emphasizes internal processes within the municipality, and democratic openness, which emphasizes the interaction between the municipality and the environment as well as increasing local capital resources.

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National, District and Metropolitan Planning in Israel: a Collection in Memory of Pro. Arie Shachar

This volume of papers addresses national, district and metropolitan planning perspectives. Among them are the new generation of national and district planning issues and a return to comprehensive national planning. Some focus on a vision for long-term planning, Tel Aviv's empowerment and internalizing concepts of sustainable development as well as on combining between institutionalized operations and public and academic discourse. Others address dilemmas of metropolitan regeneration, strategies to strengthen Jerusalem and the late Professor Arie Shachar's unique contribution to urban geography, planning and mapping.

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Planning and Politics in Jerusalem
Gedalia Auerbach and Ira Sharkansky. 2010. Planning and Politics in Jerusalem. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

This publication focuses on the transformation in municipal planning arena in the last three decades, led by the growth in the number of players taking part in the process and the plethora of activities, interests and values. These changes, in a complex arena such as the city of Jerusalem, impact on the planning process and its output: the protraction of the process and an increasing disparity between planning and its implementation.

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Israel's Corporatization of Water Supply and Sewerage Services: An Unresolved Reform

The municipal water system reform in Israel has long passed the point of no return, both from the perspective of the volume of population and its single-directional legal approach. However, this outcome hardly heralds the reform's conclusion. Completing the municipal corporatization is only one aspect of the reform and does not secure its success by standards of its own initial principles and goals. Analyzing the policy process of corporatization on a national level uncovers fundamental phenomena which may impede, without possibility of redress, the reform's stated goals, the public interest and the interests of consumers. In the face of this disturbing possibility this research attempts to reevaluate the corporatization reform and its possible impacts.

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Land Development Processes in Israel in the Privatization Era: Viewed Through the Lens of the Nissim Comission Deliberation

This study examines the deliberations of the Nissim Commission as a window to understanding the trends and the development processes over a given period – 1995-2001. The study focuses on the development processes, their leading protagonists, the central motives guiding them and the development mechanism of agricultural land and open spaces in Israel. The analysis relates to the process itself and not to its outcome and proposes, among others, the prospects of forecasting the development process and expected trends.

PDF icon ashfeitelson_the_lens_of_thenissim_commission_deliberations.pdf
Legal Aspects of Structural Adjustments in Israel's Rural Local Government
Sigal Rasis and Levia Applebaum. 2009. Legal Aspects of Structural Adjustments in Israel's Rural Local Government. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

This study examines the role of the judiciary in the process of change which has taken place during the last three decades in the legal foundation and function of rural local government in Israel.

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A Local Leader: A Mechanism of Change in the Periphery Yeruham: 1983-2006
Yitzhak Dahan. 2009. A Local Leader: A Mechanism of Change in the Periphery Yeruham: 1983-2006. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

This study compares between two regional leaders of the peripheral town of Yeruham over three decades. Its findings show that leaders who operated under similar economic, geographical and cultural conditions, embodied very diverse types of leadership. The comparison manifested various perspectives and channels of influence: the community vision, the socio-political concept, funding strategies and most particularly the style and modus operandi with both the local population and the national concentrations of power. Factors associated with the character and image of the leader impacted directly on local development and on the quality of services as well as on shifts in the political culture of Yeruham's residents.

Recovery of Poor Preforming Municipalities in Israel: A Comparative Perspective in Light of the British Experience

This study examines the policy concept of addressing poor-performing municipalities in Israel as reflected by the new Municipalities Bill-2007, and compares legislation and experience in this field in other countries, most particularly in Britain. The central dilemma which the study addresses is the paucity of the Municipalities Bill and its questionable ability to accelerate recovery processes in local government under crisis. The Bill reflects the governing perception in the country on addressing poor-performing localities, which is rigid, limited and based on an economic paradigm. This, despite the experience of other western countries, which includes policy, legislation and wide accommodating measures to challenge the under-performance of public organizations.

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Towards Joint Management of City Centers: The Jerusalem City Center
Aviel Yelinek. 2009. Towards Joint Management of City Centers: The Jerusalem City Center. Jerusalem: Floersheimer Studies. Abstract

This study examines the attempt to create a joint management public-private body for the center of Jerusalem, against a background of an ambitious project to regenerate its old center. The study points to the difficulties entailed in the process at the outset, and proposes the means to resolve them based on worldwide experience and recommends an appropriate model for the center of  Jerusalem.

PDF icon yelinek_towards_joint_management_of_city_centers.pdf

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